Interest Rate
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Interest Rate

Definition of Interest Rate

Interest rate refers to a percentage or a proportion of the principal amount that a borrower must pay to a lender as compensation for borrowing funds. It represents the cost of borrowing or the return on investment for lenders.

Interest rates are prevalent in various financial transactions, such as loans, mortgages, bonds, and savings accounts.

The rate is determined based on factors like market conditions, the borrower's creditworthiness, and the duration of the loan. Changes in interest rates can influence economic activity, affecting consumer spending, investment decisions, and overall monetary policy.

What is Interest Rate?

Interest rate is the percentage charged on the borrowed amount, reflecting the cost of borrowing or the earnings on investments.

When an individual or entity borrows money, they agree to repay the principal amount along with the additional interest accrued over the loan term. Conversely, when someone invests money, they earn interest on the invested capital.

Interest rates play a significant role in shaping economic conditions, as central banks use monetary policy to control interest rates to regulate inflation, stimulate or slow down economic growth, and maintain financial stability.

Higher interest rates may discourage borrowing and spending, while lower rates can incentivize borrowing and stimulate economic activity.

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